by Juan Pablo Pérez-León Acevedo
The Latin-American scenario was characterized by the presence of several protracted and intense internal armed conflicts as well as widespread and systematic human rights violations committed by dictatorships in peace time. Even though democratically elected governments have replaced those dictatorial regimes and the internal armed conflicts – with the exception of the Colombian case- came to an end, various Latin-American countries are still dealing with long-term processes of transitional justice. In any case, the role played by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (“Court“ or “Inter-Am. Ct. H.R.“) has been particularly relevant since most of the grave violations have come from de iure or de facto State agents.