The year 2019 marks the thirtieth anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
All entries by this author
Ensuring gender equality in post-conflict reconstruction: Three primary challenges and corresponding approachesNov 13th, 2019 | By NMRZ
In post-conflict settings, every human right, from social and economic rights like access to food, water, and housing, to civil and political rights, can be impacted. Solutions to each of these challenges will need to be addressed within the unique historical context and local socio-political environment, with the most vulnerable deserving special attention and participation in the process. Integrating a gender-mainstreaming approach to reconstruction can inform the understanding of these persistent themes and mitigate some of the issues in post-conflict settings.
The purpose of this article is to elaborate on the need for, and the prospect of, establishing a Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the former Yugoslavia. The ratio for such a commission has much to do with the failings of the Yugoslav Tribunal to realize its didactic purposes to its fullest potential, a consequence of anti-Tribunal propaganda and the inability to generate a form of truth that would serve as an adequate basis for post-conflict reconciliation. Following the outlining of these shortcomings, this paper shall assess some of the past and more recent attempts aimed towards the formation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission within the former Yugoslav states.
In 1990, a clandestine mass grave with 1.049 unidentified mortal remains was found at the Dom Bosco Cemetery located in Perus, a suburban district of the city of São Paulo. It represents one of the innumerous crimes committed by the Brazilian dictatorial regime, which emerged with the military coup d’état in 1964 and lasted until 1985. The discovery of the Vala Clandestina de Perus (Perus illegal ditch), as it came to be known, was possible due to the courage and perseverance of a few individual persons.
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights’ report on the Herzog Case: A reflection on the tortuous way for the right to memory and truth and on the absence of justice in BrazilAug 1st, 2018 | By NMRZ
To convict the responsible state’s authorities for perpetrating human rights violations is extremely necessary for dealing with the past, overcoming the legacy of authoritarianism and strengthening democracy. Brazil has not addressed this challenge the best it should yet. Lanaís de Castro gives us in her article an overview about the right to the truth and memory
[ … ]
36,630 Asylum seekers are living in Israel, only eleven received a refugee status. With research, testimonies and interviews with asylum seekers from Eritrea, Noam Cohen gives us an overview about the life of asylum seekers in Israel: Detention centers, xenophobia and the threat of forced deportation.
The delegitimization of human Rights NGOs by the Israeli government is getting stronger and the NGOs’ space in Israel is shrinking. Noam Cohen is giving an overview of the situation in Israel after the new “NGO Funding Transparency” law has been in force since 2016.
The right to water is recognized in international legal instruments, as part of the most basic requirements for sustaining the live and dignity of persons. According to the International Committee of the Red Cross, the destruction of water supplies is considered a denial of humanitarian assistance.
In many countries around the world, human rights defenders are persecuted for their work and convictions. They are put under surveillance, threatened, harassed, and detained arbitrarily; often, they face enforced disappearance, torture, and even death. One of the organizations concerned with the protection of human rights defenders is the Dutch NGO Justice & Peace. In 2012, the organization founded the program Shelter City. Under the program, human rights defenders are offered temporary protection for three months in a Dutch city. In this time, they can recover and resume their work in peace.
Torture is considered to be the most common human rights violation in today´s modern world, not only in underdeveloped and/or authoritarian countries, but also in long-established democracies with strict laws about the topic. Cases of police or military violence against civilians that might amount to torture fill newspaper pages all over the world. A prominent case is the one that occurred during the G8 summit in Genoa, Italy, also known as the “Scuola Diaz e Bolzaneto” (Diaz School and Bolzaneto) scandal. It remains unresolved.